Symptoms of high pressure – topic

Symptoms of high pressure

First symptoms of high blood pressure

There are some initial symptoms of high blood pressure, including the following:


Headaches due to high blood pressure appear on both sides of the head(1) In the form of a heartbeat or throbbing, and the headache worsens significantly and gets worse with high blood pressure, or when doing physical activities, and the symptoms disappear or improve with the treatment of the hypertensive attack and its improvement or disappearance.(2)

Nausea and vomiting

Nausea or vomiting can be a symptom of high blood pressure. AndNausea associated with severe high blood pressure can come on suddenly and may be accompanied by a feeling of dizziness.(3)

Blurred or double vision

Persistent and untreated high blood pressure can damage the retina (the tissue at the back of the eye responsible for receiving the images we see). Symptoms of retinal damage can include:(4)

  • Blurred vision, or no vision.
  • Double vision, which is defined as a person seeing a double image when it should be one image, as the patient can see two images side by side or on top of each other, and this condition can affect balance, movement, and ability of the person to see. read.(5)

difficult breathing

Shortness of breath can be a sign of high blood pressure. Very high blood pressure can put a strain on the lungs.(3)


A person with severe high blood pressure may feel an irregular heartbeat,(6) As if he feels a disturbance in the heartbeat, or that his heart is beating very fast.(7)

Nose bleeding

Nosebleeds are more common in patients with high blood pressure and this may be due to the increased fragility of blood vessels due to long-term high blood pressure.(8)

however The relationship between nosebleeds and hypertension is still not fully understood; However, since there is believed to be no confirmed link between the two cases and that high pressure does not in itself cause epistaxis, it is more difficult to control for people with high pressure, according to a study published in the Journal of the Saudi Heart Foundation. in 2015.(9)

Symptoms of severe hypertension

Severe high blood pressure causes some symptoms, including the following:(10)

  • severe headache
  • Visual disturbances.
  • Fatigue.
  • difficult breathing.
  • pain in the chest.
  • The appearance of blood in the urine.
  • Irregular heartbeat.
  • The feeling that something is beating in the chest, neck, or ears.

It should be noted that if you do not receive proper treatment for high blood pressure, it can lead to many complications such as: damage to the heart and circulatory system, lungs, brain and kidneys.(10) Since severe high blood pressure causes an increase in the workload on the heart, and thus can lead to chest pain and shortness of breath, and in some cases can lead to the rupture of the aorta that carries blood from the heart to all parts of the heart transports body resulting in chest or abdominal pain.

It also causes encephalopathy due to high blood pressure (hypertensive encephalopathy), a health condition that occurs from time to time and is represented by swelling of the brain, leading to nausea, vomiting, drowsiness and headache, and it can put some people in a coma, and it should be alerted to the need to get urgent medical treatment for people who have the above symptoms.(11)

In addition, there is an emergency situation characterized by a severe increase in blood pressure called malignant hypertension, or hypertensive emergency or hypertensive crisis, and this causes severe headaches, visual disturbances, and can cause nosebleeds.(12)(13) As mentioned earlier, a blood pressure crisis is one of the cases where urgent medical intervention is needed to lower blood pressure, prevent cerebral hemorrhage or stroke.(14)

High blood pressure readings

High blood pressure is defined as a condition where blood pressure is continuously high, and blood pressure is a measure of the force of the blood pushing against the walls of the arteries as the heart pumps the blood to circulate throughout the body to all parts of the body to flow. arteries, and thus high blood pressure, indicates that the heart has to work harder to pump blood to all parts of the body. high blood pressure is diagnosed when the pressure reading is 140/90 millimeters of mercury or more.(15)(16)(17)

the reviewer

  1. Can High Blood Pressure Cause Headaches? medical news today, Retrieved on 7/23/2021. Edited.
  2. “Headache attributed to disturbance of homeostasis”, ichd-3, Retrieved on 7/23/2021. Edited.
  3. ^ a B “Symptoms of Hypertension”, very good health, Retrieved on 7/24/2021. Edited.
  4. “Hypertensive Retinopathy”, ada, Retrieved on 7/24/2021. Edited.
  5. “Why am I seeing double?”, medical news today, Retrieved on 7/24/2021. Edited.
  6. “Symptoms of Hypertension”, very good health, Retrieved on 8/19/2021. Edited.
  7. palpitations, mayo clinic, Retrieved on 7/24/2021. Edited.
  8. How does hypertension cause epistaxis (nosebleed)? fellowship, Retrieved on 7/24/2021. Edited.
  9. “Relationship between epistaxis and hypertension: a cause and effect or coincidence?”, ncbi, Retrieved on 7/24/2021. Edited.
  10. ^ a B High blood pressure (hypertension): symptoms, causes and treatments., Retrieved 6/4/2020. Edited.
  11. high bloodpressure,, Retrieved 4/27/2020. Edited.
  12. high bloodpressure,, Retrieved 6/4/2020. Edited
  13. “Everything You Need to Know About Hypertension”,, Retrieved 6/4/2020. Edited.
  14. Signs, symptoms, causes, diet and medications of high blood pressure., Retrieved 6/4/2020. Edited
  15. “High Blood Pressure – Adults”,, Retrieved 6/4/2020. Edited.
  16. high bloodpressure,, Retrieved 6/4/2020. Edited.
  17. What is Blood Pressure?, Retrieved on 5/28/2020. Edited.
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