The eighth month of pregnancy
the eighth month of pregnancy from the last trimester and within the third trimester; It starts from the 32nd week and ends at the end of the 36th week, and there are certain examinations that the doctor may request during the eighth month, so it is important to adhere to the periodic assessments of the doctor to ensure the health of the mother to monitor and ensure the safety of fetal growth.(1)(2)
Symptoms of pregnancy during the eighth month
Towards the end of the second trimester of pregnancy; What is usually considered the most comfortable stage for the pregnant woman, and then enters the third stage, the pregnant woman begins to feel some anxiety and discomfort associated with the increase of the fetus during the eighth month and therefore of the abdomen, and many symptoms can occur, such as heartburn and swelling of the legs or feet. , insomnia and mood swings, in addition to anxiety due to thinking more about childbirth and motherhood, and the following is an explanation of some of the major physiological changes that a pregnant woman can go through during the eighth month of pregnancy:(1)(2)(3)
- Breathing difficulties: The pregnant woman may have difficulty breathing during this month due to increased pressure on the lungs, which is usually caused by the expansion of the uterus that accompanies the increase in the size and growth of the fetus.
- Milk leakage: With the approaching date of birth, the pregnant body begins to produce milk in preparation for breastfeeding, and the pregnant woman may notice yellowish milk leaking from the breasts during the eighth month of pregnancy; This milk is called colostrum.
- Feeling back pain: With the increase in the size of the fetus in the womb, the weight of the pregnant belly increases; This can increase the pressure on the back and lead to an increase in back pain, and it should be noted that this pain can be relieved by doing some exercises to strengthen the back muscles and avoid sitting and standing in the same position for a long time.
- Contractions and contractions: Since the uterus begins to prepare for delivery during the last stages of pregnancy, and this can sometimes cause the pregnant woman to feel imaginary contractions called Braxton Hicks contractions, and although their appearance is not a cause for concern, it is necessary to go to the doctor if it persists longer than from the first day.
- pee more This happens due to the increased pressure of the uterus on the bladder, and the pregnant woman may notice some leakage of urine when sneezing or laughing.(3)(4)
- The appearance of varicose veins: Varicose veins During this phase, the pregnant woman may experience swollen veins that are red or blue in the legs or anus, which can sometimes cause pain, itching or bleeding.(4)
- Changes in hair and skin: The pregnant woman may notice stretch marks on the skin and hair may become thicker due to the hormonal changes associated with this period.(4)
Embryo development in the eighth month
Fetal size increases during the eighth month; The month starts with a length of 28 cm and reaches a length of 45 cm and a weight of about 2 kg when it enters the 34th week of pregnancy, and the fetal fluff (the soft hair that covers the body) begins to fall out , and hearing develops greatly during this period of pregnancy, and the pregnant woman usually feels the month. The eighth is an increase in the child’s movement and the appearance of bumps on her abdomen when the fetus twists, moves and kicks. mother’s belly; This is due to an increase in size compared to the size of the uterus, and if the pregnant woman feels uncomfortable or disturbed, she can change her position by sitting or standing, which results in the fetus changing position.
It is usually advised to track and count the baby’s movements as the date of birth approaches. To ensure fetal health and caution in noticing a decrease in movement of the above, it should be noted that by the end of the eighth month and week 36 of pregnancy, the fetus may move around the pelvic region in preparation for childbirth.(4)(5)(6)
Eating pregnant during the eighth month
Following a healthy diet during pregnancy is essential and important for maintaining the health of the pregnant woman and the proper growth of the foetus, as well as preventing many health problems. Such as excessive weight gain, gestational diabetes, anemia, premature birth and the birth of a fetus with a weight below normal. The mother is usually advised to eat a varied and healthy diet in addition to increasing about 300 calories per day. Since the mother provides food for two people during this period, it is recommended to eat about 2400 calories per day during the third stage of pregnancy, and this includes the following foods:(7)(8)
- carbohydrates: It is recommended to eat 9-11 servings of carbohydrates per day, due to their benefit in providing energy to the body of the pregnant woman and fetus. Among the foods rich in carbohydrates: rice, bread, cereals and pasta.
- fruits and vegetables: A pregnant woman should eat 3-4 servings of fruits per day, in addition to about 4-5 servings of vegetables, as these are rich sources of folic acid, iron and many vitamins.
- Dairy products: This is to provide the body with protein, calcium and phosphorus, and three servings of milk and its derivatives are recommended daily.
- Fats and oils: Pregnant women are advised to eat moderate amounts of healthy fats. Because it is important to provide long-term energy to the fetus, in addition to its importance for fetal brain development.
Video of the eighth month of pregnancy
Watch the video to learn more about the eighth month of pregnancy.
- “Trimesters and Due Date”, www.healthline.com, Retrieved 4/2/2019. Edited.
- “Pregnancy Trimesters: A Guide”, www.medicalnewstoday.com, Retrieved 4/2/2019. Edited.
- “8 Month Pregnancy: Changes, Diet, And Precautions To Know”, www.sitarambhartia.org, Retrieved 4/2/2019. Edited.
- What happens in the eighth month of pregnancy? www.plannedparenthood.org, Retrieved 4/2/2019. Edited.
- “Fetal Ultrasound – 8 Months”, www.babycentre.co.uk, Retrieved 4/2/2019. Edited.
- “Fetal Movement During Pregnancy”, www.whattoexpect.com, Retrieved 4/2/2019. Edited.
- “Diet During Pregnancy”, americanpregnancy.org, Retrieved 4/2/2019. Edited.
- “Eating well during pregnancy”, medlineplus.gov, Retrieved 4/2/2019. Edited.